The Homeland War is the Croatian term for the conflict of the 1990s that broke up Yugoslavia and gained Croatia its independence. The setting here is apt: a Napoleonic Fort, bravely defended by locals in 1991, now easily accessible by cablecar. Go straight up the two flights of stairs to the top terrace of the fortress in which the museum is housed and take in the view. The fort was built by the French in 1806-1812 then extended by the Austrians. Inside you see examples of the ammunition used to shell Dubrovnik, maps of the damage it caused, all manner of memorabilia and a video recoding of Dubrovnik as it was being shelled.